• Picking the large, overgrown transplants from the greenhouse to put in the garden don’t put you ahead for tomatoes in the garden, according to Dan Friedenbach, a farmer turned gardener in Yankton. “Some think it’s a good thing the plants are further along,” he said. “But the plants don’t have much root mass compared to the green part of the plant. (Roots can only grow the size of the small container in the greenhouse.) When it gets hot and dry, the plant won’t give so many tomatoes as you think they would.” (Roots supply plant with water and minerals.)

• One of the ways to get a standout container garden by combining ordinary plants from the local greenhouse, is to select plants, not only for color and texture, but also for contrast. Contrast light and dark plants such as lime green-leafed nasturtiums and purple basil. If you include some light plants and some dark plants in the container, balance the plant mass by the volume light and dark take up, such as one plant of large-leafed burgundy coleus and 3 light green ivy. If you use only one color, be sure to use light and dark tones of plants such as light green cypress and dark green sweet potato vine. A black and white photo of the container garden will show if there is contrast present and balanced. Contrast light and heavy with ornamental grasses or Gaura and large sun impatiens. See more detail and photos in the August 2019 Fine Gardening magazine, found in the browsing section at the Yankton Community Library, 515 Walnut Street.

• “Dealing with the Unexpected” is the Yankton Seed Library free panel discussion for Tuesday, July 9, at 2-3 p.m. or 6:30-7:30 p.m. at the Yankton Community Library, 515 Walnut Street. A panel of Missouri Valley Master Gardeners will respond to questions submitted to the Seed Library Facebook page or emailed to Susie Lippert at: slippert@cityofyankton.org ahead of the session.

• “Backyard Farmer” panel of Nebraska Extension specialists discuss current pests and protocols, yard and garden questions from the audience, show landscape segments and discuss other garden-related wildlife. The program airs Thursdays 7-8 p.m. on Nebraska Public TV and is repeated and available at their website: www.byf.uni.edu

• Tips for cutting flowers that stay fresh longer in a bouquet include: Cut plenty of stem but leave some leaves on the plant so it can continue to make food and produce more flowers. Cutting flowers in this way encourages more bloom production. Strip leaves from stem when you put it in a vase of water. Harvest blooms early or late and give blooms time to recover a few hours in water before displaying them. More tips in the May/June issue of The American Gardener magazine.

• Vines add height in a yard. They can decorate a blank wall. Vines on a trellis can provide space-efficient privacy and boundary to a small area. In the shorter growing season on the Northern Plains, a fast growing vine is needed to achieve maturity to enjoy its benefits. Clematis, Hydrangea petolaris , trumpet vine and Virginia creeper are a few perennial vines for the region. Annual vines include hyacinth bean, some ornamental vegetable beans, morning glories and cardinal vine. Find more on vines for the northern climate in the May/June Northern Gardener magazine, found in the magazine section at the Yankton Community Library.

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